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Le Poidevin, R. (1998). Introduction. In Le Poidevin, R. (Ed.) Questions of Time and Tense. Clarendon Press, Oxford.

Marcus, L. (2009). Ian McEwan’s Modernist Time: Atonement and Saturday. In Groes, S. (Ed.) Ian McEwan. Continuum International Publishing Group, London.

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McEwan, I. (1992). The Child in Time. (Original Publication: 1987).Vintage, London.

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McTaggart, J.M.E. (1927). The Unreality of Time. quoted in Le Poidevin, R. (Ed.) Questions of Time and Tense. Clarendon Press, Oxford.

Márquez, G.G. One Hundred Years in Solitude. Penguin Books, London.

Menke, R. (1998). Narrative Reversals and the Thermodynamics of History in Martin Amis’s Time’s Arrow. Modern Fiction Studies, 44(4), 959-980.

Murray, L. (1853). English Grammar, Adapted to the Different Classes of Learners: With an Appendix, Containing Rules and Observations, for Assisting the More Advanced Students to Write with Perspicuity and Accuracy. (2006 Unabridged facsimile Edition: original Edition 1795). Adamant Media Corporation, Boston.

Phillipps, K.C. (1970). Jane Austen’s English. (Ed. Partridge, E & Potter). S. Andre Deutsch Limited, London.

Richardson, B. (2002). Beyond Story and Discourse: Narrative Time in Postmodern and Nonmimetic Fiction. In Richardson, B. (Ed.) Narrative Dynamics. Ohio State University Press, Columbus.

Ricoeur, P. (1990a). Time and Narrative. Vol. 1. Chicago University Press, Chicago.

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Smethurst, P. (2000). Chronotypes of Reversible Time. In The Postmodern Chronotype. Rodopi Press. 173-218.

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Tennant, E. (1993). Pemberly. Hodder & Stoughton Ltd., London.

Todorov (1969). Grammaire du Décaméron. Mouton, Hague.

Toolan, M.J. (1997). Narrative: A Critical Linguistic Introduction. Routledge, London.

Woolf, V (1925). The Common Reader (First Series). Essay available online at:

Additional Reading

Ayer, A.J. (1984). The Central Questions of Philosophy. Penguin Books Limited, Harmondsworth. pp15-21.

Binnick, R.I. (1991). Time and the Verb: A Guide to Tense and Aspect. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Braun, C.T. (2009).  Silence, Memory and Imagination as Story. Center for Mennonite Writing Journal, 1 (

Byrne, M. (2009). Time and the Child in Ian McEwan’s The Child in Time. Antigonish Review.   31, 101.

Copeland, E., McMaster, J. (Ed), (1997). The Cambridge Companion to Jane Austen. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Fludernik, M. (2003). Chronology, time, tense and experientiality in narrative. Language and Literature, 12 (2), 117-134.

Groes, S. (Ed) (2009). Ian McEwan. Contemporary Critical Perspectives. Continuum International Publishing Group, London.

Hornstein, N. (1990). As Time Goes By: Tense and Universal Grammar. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, Cambridge.

Jokic, A. (2003). Time, Tense and Reference. MIT Press.

Le Guin, U. (1999). Steering the Craft: Exercises and Discussions on Story Writing for the Lone Navigator or the Mutinous Crew. Eighth Mountain Press.

Ludlow, P. (1999). Semantics, Tense, and Time. MIT Press.

Malcolm, D. (2002). Understanding Ian McEwan. University of South Carolina, Columbia.

Michaelis, L.A. (2006). Time and Tense. In B. Aarts & A McMahon (Eds.). The Handbook of English Linguistics. Blackwell Publishers, Oxford.

Middleton, P., Woods, T. (2000). Literatures of memory: history, time, and space in postwar writing. Manchester University Press, Manchester.

Prior, A. (1967). Past, Present and Future. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Ricoeur, P. (1990b). Time and Narrative. Vol. 2. Chicago University Press, Chicago.

Ricoeur, P. (1990c). Time and Narrative. Vol. 3. Chicago University


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